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17

Nov

Industrial wheels: useful tips, maintenance and disposal

Contents 

Introduction

We all know the importance of wheels for the movement of goods and people within production contexts.

Apart from the choice of wheels and castors suitable for the type of use, one fundamental aspect is still too often overlooked, namely the maintenance of these elements. This is a key activity both in terms of preventing accidents in the workplace and optimising internal resources.
Let’s have a closer look at these topics in the article.

Scheduled maintenance

How to proceed? Distinctions should certainly be made, but it is good to start with the idea of planning careful scheduled maintenance of wheels and castors. This should include regular inspections with a frequency appropriate to the conditions of use.

It is necessary, in these cases, not only to take into account the accessories indicated (wheels and castors), but also the vehicle on which they are mounted, which from this point on will be referred to as a “trolley” for simplicity.

Checking and maintenance of trolley structure

It is recommended that a check be made for any damage to the chassis of the trolley, as this can compromise the correct attachment of wheels and castors.

As a second step, it is a good idea to check the tightening of the fasteners to the trolley structure in order to prevent them from suddenly coming loose.

Routine maintenance of wheels and castors

As far as routine maintenance is concerned, a preventive examination is first needed to check that the product is intact, functional and without excessive looseness, wear, deformations and tears.

Consequently, it is necessary to check the effectiveness of any locking and/or braking devices - if present - and that environmental conditions have not altered the product. We are talking, for example, about the presence of signs of oxidation, corrosion or foreign bodies that could impair its use.

For products that must ensure electrical conductivity, the rolling strip must be cleaned and tested.

It is very important, during maintenance, to ensure that the wheel axle is tightened correctly, restoring the tightening torque, as well as lubricating the moving parts with products suitable for the specific application.

Extraordinary maintenance of wheels and castors

Extraordinary maintenance is carried out following a particular event, such as the breaking of a wheel or castor as a result of incorrect use of the trolley or excessive wear.

In these cases, it is a good idea to carefully consider replacing wheels and castors with models that are perfectly suited to their practical use.

Frequency of wheel and castor maintenance checks

There are no “certain” and “absolute” maintenance times for industrial wheels and their castors because much depends on the more or less intensive use of the products themselves.

Below is a table with the maximum time limits that can elapse between two checks and which it is advisable to respect:

  • - Damage to the trolley chassis: 12 months
  • - Tightening of fastening elements: 6 months
  • - Overall product integrity: 6 months
  • - Effectiveness of wheel braking devices: 3 months
  • - Product alteration: 6 months
  • - Electrical conductivity: 3 months
  • - Wheel-axle tightening: 6 months
  • - Restoring lubrication: 6 months (note: lubrication must also be restored after each washing of the product).

 

Disposal of materials and recovery of products

In cases where it is necessary to replace the castors or wheels of a trolley, certain procedures must be followed regarding the disposal or recovery of products.

How to proceed? In these cases, the separation of the various components is necessary, i.e. castor, axle assembly (screw, tube, nut) and wheel.

The removal of wheels from the castor is essential when industrial wheels are predominantly made of plastic or aluminium alloy.

Information on disposal and recyclability of products

Here are some useful tips on the disposal and recyclability of the main materials that make up the wheels and castors manufactured by Tellure Rôta.

A further recommendation would be to compare and supplement these indications with the modalities and rules laid down by the waste disposal agency in the area or locality where the products are used.

Castors and axles

Steel and stainless steel can be recycled as ferrous scrap.

Wheels

It is recommended to organise the sending of products according to the stages of recovery. For environmental as well as economic reasons, it is important to separate the different materials in the wheels so that the correct disposal or recovery of each type of material can be ensured.

In particular:

  • - Steel and cast iron can be recycled as ferrous scrap;
  • - Aluminium alloy can be recycled as non-ferrous metal;
  • - Plastic, thermoplastic rubber and vulcanised rubber components can be recycled once they have been separated from ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
  • - Thermosetting resin can be disposed of in landfills, the same for polyurethanes, but they must be separated from ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
  • - Shrink wrap packaging is recyclable as plastic
  • - Wooden pallets can be reused or recycled. Packaging made of paper or cardboard follows the paper supply chain.
  • - As regards recycling and recovery methods, reference should be made to the supply chain consortia in the countries where the components are disposed of.

 

Want to learn which types of industrial wheels are best suited to your specific needs, through a dedicated consultation? Contact our technicians to receive a no-obligation consultation for your specific project.